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Climate change affects China’s food security

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Beijing

The declining economy remains one of the main issues for China and now extreme weather conditions could open the door to a food security crisis, Federico Giuliani wrote at Inside Over.

The China Meteorological Administration predicted that a deadly El Niño would hit China in the coming weeks and months, causing floods in the southern region and drought in the north.

In a recent study, the peer-reviewed academic journal Nature Food said that China’s extreme weather conditions have caused one-twelfth of China’s total rice yields to decline over the past two decades, according to Inside Over.

Born from Gli Ochi della Guerra, Italian-based Inside Over is a website focusing on news insight, international analysis and reporting.

Recently, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced that the effects of El Niño could last for eight to 10 months and are expected to gradually strengthen into the Northern Hemisphere winter that will stretch into next year.

Even in the last week of May, China’s emergency management department warned that the north-eastern and northern parts, home to some of the country’s top grain-producing provinces, could face heavy rains, floods and hailstorms from June to August. can experience. Meanwhile, Yunnan, located in the southwestern region of China, is facing persistent drought.

China’s National Climate Center (NCC) announced on Sunday that the country has recorded the hottest day in six decades, and the occurrence of multiple heat waves in the country’s northern cities is extremely rare, the Global Times reported.

According to a notice by the NCC, China has recorded an average of 4.1 days of temperature above 35 degrees Celsius this year, the highest number since records began in 1961, according to The Global Times.

According to a report prepared by the National Disaster Mitigation Committee Office and the Ministries of Natural Resources, Water Resources, Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the China Meteorological Administration and the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, China will likely face the same fatality caused by El Niño in 2023. is looking towards. A dismal picture has been presented of the country.

According to this report, while the north of the country may face an increased risk of water-related disasters, the south may face drought. On the other hand, eastern China, which is known to be a major engine of economic growth, is likely to experience storm-triggered disasters.

The US Department of Agriculture said China was the world’s largest wheat importer in 2022, bringing in an estimated 12 million tonnes of wheat. China’s General Administration of Customs (GAC) said total rice imports from January to August 2022 reached 4.56 million tonnes, up 42.5 per cent year-on-year. According to China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, 20.63 million tons of corn are expected to be imported in 2022, as InsideOver reports.

China’s economy is not in good shape and several financial institutions ranging from Nomura to UBS and Standard Chartered, Bank of America and JP Morgan have lowered their forecast for the country’s 2023 GDP growth from 5.5 per cent to 5.1 per cent, leading to food The security situation may further escalate. Analysts say it will have a deep impact on the world’s second-largest economy.

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